Temperament A: Choleric
The Choleric temperament is:
- self-composed; seldom shows embarrassment, is forward or bold.
- eager to express himself before a group if he has some purpose in view.
- insistent upon the acceptance of his ideas or plans; argumentative and persuasive.
- impetuous and impulsive; plunges into situations where forethought would have deterred him.
- self-confident and self-reliant; tends to take success for granted.
- strong initiative; tends to elation of spirit; seldom gloomy or moody; prefers to lead.
- very sensitive and easily hurt; reacts strongly to praise of blame.
- not given to worry or anxiety. Seclusive.
- quick and decisive in movement; pronounced or excessive energy output.
- marked tendency to persevere; does not abandon something readily regardless of success.
- emotions not freely or spontaneously expressed, except anger.
- makes best appearance possible; perhaps conceited; may use hypocrisy, deceit, disguise.
Tips to manage Choleric temperaments:
- express appreciation of achievements and contributions – even if they appear indifferent to such expressions.
- If something is done well, say so.
- show loyalty. Criticism or sarcasm is viewed as lacking loyalty (particularly public criticism).
- challenge the Choleric to be more empathic and express appreciation – even when they don’t agree. Agreement is a judgement about results; empathy is understanding and walking in another’s shoes.
- help them to appreciate the process of relationships (empathy, encouragement, non-judgmental listening) and not just results.
- help them unwind.
Temperament B: Sanguine
The Sanguine temperament is:
- self-composed, seldom shows signs of embarrassment, perhaps forward or bold.
- eager to express himself before a group; likes to be heard.
- prefers group activities; work or play; not easily satisfied with individual projects
- not insistent upon acceptance of his ideas or plans; agrees readily with others’ wishes; compliant and yielding.
- good in details; prefers activities requiring pep and energy.
- impetuous and impulsive; his decisions are often (usually) wrong.
- keenly alive to environment, physical and social; likes curiosity.
- tends to take success for granted. I s a follower; lacks initiative.
- hearty and cordial, even to strangers; forms acquaintanceship easily.
- tends to elation of spirit; not given to worry and anxiety; is carefree.
- seeks wide and broad range of friendships; is not selective; not exclusive in games.
- quick and decisive in movements; pronounced or excessive energy output.
- turns from one activity to another in rapid succession; little perseverance.
- makes adjustments easily; welcomes changes; makes the best appearance possible.
- frank, talkable, sociable, emotions readily expressed; does not stand on ceremony.
- frequent fluctuations of mood; tends to frequent alterations of elation and depression.
Tips to manage Sanguine temperaments:
- make joy a priority and not a frivolity. Enjoy fun times (don’t always be the wet blanket or endure them until you can get on with what you would prefer to do).
- give plenty of overt attention and displays of affection.
- spend quality time with Sanguines.
- allow the Sanguine to entertain or volunteer, but help them not becoming over extended.
- support the Sanguine when details become overwhelming or when they need to undertake a long-term, in-depth project.
Temperament C: Melancholic
The Melancholic temperament is:
- self-conscious, easily embarrassed, timid, bashful.
- avoids talking before a group; when obliged to he finds it difficult.
- prefers to work and play alone. Good in details; careful.
- deliberative; slow in making decisions; perhaps overcautious even in minor matters.
- lacking in self-confidence and initiative; compliant and yielding.
- tends to detachment from environment; reserved and distant except to intimate friends.
- tends to depression; frequently moody or gloomy; very sensitive; easily hurt.
- does not form acquaintances readily; prefers narrow range of friends; tends to exclude others.
- worries over possible misfortune; crosses bridges before coming to them.
- secretive; seclusive; shut in; not inclined to speak unless spoken to.
- slow in movement; deliberative or perhaps indecisive; moods frequent and constant.
- often represents himself at a disadvantage; modest and unassuming.
Tips to manage Melancholic temperaments
- affirm – if when unasked.
- provide opportunities for solitude, reflection, and rejuvenation (through acts of service)
- offer support and appreciation.
- strive for order and fairness. the melancholic needs order (and will usually create it for himself) and can be upset by instances of unfairness or injustice.
- be accepting of the melancholic as a person and not just their ideas and views.
Temperament D: Phelgmatic
The Phelgmatic temperament is:
- deliberative, slow in making decisions; perhaps overcautious in minor matters.
- indifferent to external affairs.
- reserved and distant.
- slow in movement.
- marked tendency to persevere.
- constancy of mood.
Tips to manage Phelgmatics
- acknowledge the Phlegmatic openly, especially his easy-going nature and his sensitivity to others’ needs; use words of affirmation.
- give time for relaxation.
- praise them when they take a leadership stance; boost their confidence to continue taking on challenges.
- use gentle reminders, but don’t nag, criticize or take over.
- be specific when making requests and state them positively.