Temperamental Discourses

Temperament A: Choleric

The Choleric temperament is:

  • self-composed; seldom shows embarrassment, is forward or bold.
  • eager to express himself before a group if he has some purpose in view.
  • insistent upon the acceptance of his ideas or plans; argumentative and persuasive.
  • impetuous and impulsive; plunges into situations where forethought would have deterred him.
  • self-confident and self-reliant; tends to take success for granted.
  • strong initiative; tends to elation of spirit; seldom gloomy or moody; prefers to lead.
  • very sensitive and easily hurt; reacts strongly to praise of blame.
  • not given to worry or anxiety. Seclusive.
  • quick and decisive in movement; pronounced or excessive energy output.
  • marked tendency to persevere; does not abandon something readily regardless of success.
  • emotions not freely or spontaneously expressed, except anger.
  • makes best appearance possible; perhaps conceited; may use hypocrisy, deceit, disguise.

Tips to manage Choleric temperaments:

  • express appreciation of achievements and contributions – even if they appear indifferent to such expressions.
  • If something is done well, say so.
  • show loyalty. Criticism or sarcasm is viewed as lacking loyalty (particularly public criticism).
  • challenge the Choleric to be more empathic and express appreciation – even when they don’t agree. Agreement is a judgement about results; empathy is understanding and walking in another’s shoes.
  • help them to appreciate the process of relationships (empathy, encouragement, non-judgmental listening) and not just results.
  • help them unwind.

Temperament B: Sanguine

The Sanguine temperament is:

  • self-composed, seldom shows signs of embarrassment, perhaps forward or bold.
  • eager to express himself before a group; likes to be heard.
  • prefers group activities; work or play; not easily satisfied with individual projects
  • not insistent upon acceptance of his ideas or plans; agrees readily with others’ wishes; compliant and yielding.
  • good in details; prefers activities requiring pep and energy.
  • impetuous and impulsive; his decisions are often (usually) wrong.
  • keenly alive to environment, physical and social; likes curiosity.
  • tends to take success for granted. I s a follower; lacks initiative.
  • hearty and cordial, even to strangers; forms acquaintanceship easily.
  • tends to elation of spirit; not given to worry and anxiety; is carefree.
  • seeks wide and broad range of friendships; is not selective; not exclusive in games.
  • quick and decisive in movements; pronounced or excessive energy output.
  • turns from one activity to another in rapid succession; little perseverance.
  • makes adjustments easily; welcomes changes; makes the best appearance possible.
  • frank, talkable, sociable, emotions readily expressed; does not stand on ceremony.
  • frequent fluctuations of mood; tends to frequent alterations of elation and depression.

Tips to manage Sanguine temperaments:

  • make joy a priority and not a frivolity. Enjoy fun times (don’t always be the wet blanket or endure them until you can get on with what you would prefer to do).
  • give plenty of overt attention and displays of affection.
  • spend quality time with Sanguines.
  • allow the Sanguine to entertain or volunteer, but help them not becoming over extended.
  • support the Sanguine when details become overwhelming or when they need to undertake a long-term, in-depth project.

Temperament C: Melancholic

The Melancholic temperament is:

  • self-conscious, easily embarrassed, timid, bashful.
  • avoids talking before a group; when obliged to he finds it difficult.
  • prefers to work and play alone. Good in details; careful.
  • deliberative; slow in making decisions; perhaps overcautious even in minor matters.
  • lacking in self-confidence and initiative; compliant and yielding.
  • tends to detachment from environment; reserved and distant except to intimate friends.
  • tends to depression; frequently moody or gloomy; very sensitive; easily hurt.
  • does not form acquaintances readily; prefers narrow range of friends; tends to exclude others.
  • worries over possible misfortune; crosses bridges before coming to them.
  • secretive; seclusive; shut in; not inclined to speak unless spoken to.
  • slow in movement; deliberative or perhaps indecisive; moods frequent and constant.
  • often represents himself at a disadvantage; modest and unassuming.

Tips to manage Melancholic temperaments

  • affirm – if when unasked.
  • provide opportunities for solitude, reflection, and rejuvenation (through acts of service)
  • offer support and appreciation.
  • strive for order and fairness. the melancholic needs order (and will usually create it for himself) and can be upset by instances of unfairness or injustice.
  • be accepting of the melancholic as a person and not just their ideas and views.

Temperament D: Phelgmatic

The Phelgmatic temperament is:

  • deliberative, slow in making decisions; perhaps overcautious in minor matters.
  • indifferent to external affairs.
  • reserved and distant.
  • slow in movement.
  • marked tendency to persevere.
  • constancy of mood.

Tips to manage Phelgmatics

  • acknowledge the Phlegmatic openly, especially his easy-going nature and his sensitivity to others’ needs; use words of affirmation.
  • give time for relaxation.
  • praise them when they take a leadership stance; boost their confidence to continue taking on challenges.
  • use gentle reminders, but don’t nag, criticize or take over.
  • be specific when making requests and state them positively.